ADDIE model- lack of participation

The ADDIE model consists of five phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation.  Here is an example, using lack of participation in the classroom as a problem:


Phase #1: Analysis- The problem is lack of participation in the English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom.  The students are in Ninth Grade and they are reluctant to participate.  Sometimes, they answer questions in Spanish, because they feel uncomfortable talking in English.  Also, the students that are more fluent are the ones that always end up volunteering for reading out-loud, answering questions and role-playing. I believe that this type of attitude, if we can call it that way, is due to fear.  Some students have the fear of being teased if they say something wrong or pronounce a word incorrectly.  Other students believe that they are not good enough and have fear of being rejected.

In this case, my goals are:

1. Make the students feel relaxed and not anxious, so they feel comfortable when facing their fears.

2. Integrate technology, so they have something familiar to them, and they don’t feel left out.

3. Use peer students as helpers for the other students that have fears, so they feel confident and comfortable to share and participate.

I would use these tasks:

1. The use of songs, music, and games create a relaxed environment.

2. The use of adequate illumination, to help them concentrate.

3. The one-minute paper task, so they can express themselves, without being judged.

4. A system of rewards for every time they improve on something.  Every time they do something incorrectly, they will receive appropriate correction that doesn’t make them feel awkward or out of place.


Phase #2: Design- The students are to feel more relaxed and comfortable to be able to participate orally in class.  The strategy is to integrate technology, arts, and peer learning in all, or most, of the classes, to create a healthy environment and avoid stress and anxiety, which leads todifficulties when participating. I would begin with them listening first and giving then enough time for that.  When they feel ready, they can start singing along some songs, sharing short sentences, phrases, and words.  Then, they will share, but using games and written questions as guidelines.  After that, the students should feel better when sharing.


Phase #3: Development- In order to achieve the objectives, the following materials are to be created: 1. Webquests that integrate music and videos to make them feel at ease with the language.  This will also help them lose their fear of English and of participating. 2. Games projected on a screen to motivate them to participate.  This a fun and different way to teach.  Games are very effective.  In this case, games would be projected and the students, one by one, will get up, answer, and read out loud. 3. Audio recordings and/or movies with closed captions that help them visualize in written form what they are listening to at the same time.


Phase #4: Implementation- The students will take class in the classroom, computer laboratory, or basketball court, depending on the activity they are performing.  The teacher will be constantly assessing the learning process to make sure that the lessons are being effective.  The students will give their opinions to the teacher, either orally or in written form.



Phase #5: Evaluation- Formative Evaluation will take place during the process and it will be based on the teacher’s observation, oral performance, and written form.  The Sumative Evaluation will be an oral report in front of class.  It can be descriptive, show-and-tell styled, persuasive, step-by-step process, cause and effect or comparison and contrast.  This way, the teacher can know how effective the teaching process was and the things that need to be changed when used in the future. Here is another example.


You’ll Never Know What You Have…

…Until You Lose It.  That’s what people say.

Last night, I went to a Fast Food Restaurant and asked for something in the menu I really liked to eat.  The cashier told me that they no longer sell that.  I was a little nostalgic, because I enjoyed eating that dessert.  It also made me think about how sometimes people don’t appreciate what they have and then they get sad and lonely when they leave, or no longer are there.


Continue reading

Languages of Love (Part V)

Hey guys!  This is the last stop of this journey through the languages of love.  The last language of love is physical contact.

This is, I think, the most common language of love, or maybe the only you thought existed.  When you show love through this language, there are many ways in which to do it.  It is to show your love through touch or being nearby your loved one. 

Some ideas are:

1. hugging, or cuddling

2. kissing

3. holding his/her hand

4. putting your arm around him/her

5. sitting next to each other

I hope this has been helpful to all of you.  Keep practicing these tips.  And if you don’t have that special someone yet, ask God for it, He will put him/her in your way when it’s the right time.

Languages of Love (Part IV)

Hello there!  It’s been a while since I don’t write, I was busy during the Summer.  So, let’s get started!

The fourth language of love is quality time.  People that possess this language enjoy conversations and spending time together.

Here are some ideas to help you if your partner’s language is quality time:

1. Listen, listen, and LISTEN!  There is nothing more important as to listen, but carefully, without thinking what to answer or what to argue to.

2. Invite him/her to the park for a walk.  Even if you don’t talk, it is a great and relaxing way to show him/her your love.  Plus, you exercise too! 🙂

3. Talk to him/her about their day.  It shows you care.

4. Sit near him/her while doing chores.  You can read in the balcony, while he mows the lawn; or you can clear the table while she cooks.

5. Watch a movie together.  Even when you don’t talk, you can have that loved someone nearby and show him/her your love through that.

I hope these are helpful.  Stay tuned for the other two!

Love and blessings!

Languages of Love (Part III)

Hey guys!  This is the middle of all the languages!

The third way in which you can show or communicate love is through gift giving.  Now, I don’t mean just giving your partner or loved one a gift for a birthday, for an anniversary or for Christmas; but also unexpected gifts.  This is a great way in which to show your love and surprise that special someone at the same time.  Once I heard on the radio a man that went to a trophy store to buy an award for his wife.  The guy in the store was surprised when he just bought it to recognize his wife’s excellent way to be, well, a wife.

Let’s see some examples in which you can show love through gifts.

1. Buy his/her favorite treat and bring it home.

2. Go to the store and buy something he/she would like and leave it in a place he/she will see it.  You can also add a little note saying: “I saw this and I thought of you.  Thought you might like it <3.”

3. Prepare his/her favorite meal.

4. If you like crafts, you can make that person a card, a picture frame with a photo of you two, a painting, or any other special present.

5. Buy something he/she has always wanted but hasn’t have the chance to get.

Ice Cream Cupcake Contest 2012

This is my first time participating in this contest by Cupcake Project (2012 Ice Cream Cupcake Contest) and Scoopalicious.  Here is the recipe:

Carrot Cupcakes with Dulce de Leche Ice Cream


2 Cups all-purpose flour

2 Cups sugar (I used brown sugar)

3 Cups finely shredded carrots

1 Teaspoon baking powder

1 Teaspoon baking soda

1 Teaspoon ground cinnamon

1 Cup vegetable oil

4 Large eggs

1 Cup coconut flakes

1 Box raisins

1 cup nuts (I used pecans and walnuts)

1/2 pineapple puree

1 Teaspoon ground ginger

1/2 Teaspoon ground cloves


Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.  Line cupcake tins with paper muffin cups.

Combine all dry ingredients in a large mixing bowl.  Add the other ingredients except the pineapple while mixing.  Mix at low-speed for 30 seconds, scraping bowl constantly while mixing.  Add the pineapple.  Mix at high-speed for 3 minutes, scraping bowl every minute.  If the batter is too thin, add some flour; if it’s too thick, add more juice from the pineapple.  Pour batter into cupcake liners until they are 1/2 or 2/3 full.

Bake for 20 to 25 minutes or until toothpick inserted in center comes out clean.  Cool 10 minutes in pans then move to wire rack to cool completely.  Makes 24 – 36 cupcakes.

I topped the cupcakes with Dulce de Leche Ice Cream and decorated them with a pecan nut and coconut flakes.

Languages of Love (Part II)

The second language of love is through acts of service.  Being able to help your loved one is a great way to show him/her that you love them and that you care.

Some ideas for this one are:

1. Help your spouse with chores around the house, or watch the kids while he/she does them.

2. Offer to fill in some documents for him/her.

3. Fix, clean, or replace something that is not working well without being asked to.

4. Help him/her with homework.

5. If you can’t help your partner with something,  don’t be a burden to him/her.

6. Carry something for him/her

7. Help him/her with a project or recipe.